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Floor Plan for Dining

Floor plan view of the dining-room when in use for a large dinner party. Eight seats surround each table, which would be set with a tablecloth and a combination of plate, silver, and glass dishes. The floor would have been made of stone tiles or oak planks. The walls of this room would likely have been painted a rich olive green or Prussian blue. Wallcovering was not commonly used for a dining-room.

Floor Plan

Floor plan view of the dining-room when it is not in use. The walnut tables have been removed and the chairs are placed along the sides of the room with checked linen covers to protect the upholstery when not in use.

North Elevation

North elevation showing a door leading to another room, wall paneling, and a large frame to hold a painting. Paintings were integral to the layout and color scheme of a room. This painting would most likely be of a famous historical figure or allegorical scene, a still life, or hunting scene. The large crown molding and curved ceiling is shown above.

East Elevation

East elevation showing a door leading to the main hall, wall paneling, and another large frame to hold a portrait, similar to that shown in the North elevation. The fireplace shown in the center of the room is based on a design published by John Vardy in 1744. The fireplace would be made of marble, with gilt decoration highlighting the molding patterns. Above the fireplace would be a horizontal mirror and a portrait, possibly of a family member.

South Elevation

South elevation showing two doors, one leading to an adjoining room, and the other opening to a staircase connecting to the kitchen on the lower floor. This would provide easy access for servants to bring elements of a meal back and forth. Also shown on this wall is a pier-table with a pier-glass (mirror). This table would most likely have a fountain and cistern, used to wash and rinse glasses during the meal, and a cooler to hold wine or other beverages in ice.

West Elevation

West elevation showing three windows and two more sets of gilt pier-tables and pier-glasses. These tables were designed to remain along the wall as stationary pieces of furniture. The table and mirror were usually designed to coordinate with each other and with the molding of the dado (chair-rail) along the wall. While other furniture pieces in the room would have been made from walnut, mahogany, or oak, the pier-tables were usually made with a marble top matching that of the fireplace. The frame of the mirror and most of the other carving on the table were gilt. Gilding was also sometimes used on other molding and plaster decoration throughout the room.


The ceiling shows two types of molding creating a simple pattern on the ceiling. Depending on the wealth of the owner and the formality of the room, ceilings could be left plain, decorated lightly with plasterwork, or highly embellished with beams, intricate gilding, and paintings of allegorical figures. The ceiling would have been painted white or another light color to help reflect light around the room.